Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Overview

There are often no early prostate cancer symptoms. Prostate cancer treatment includes surgery, chemotherapy, cryotherapy, hormonal therapy, and/or radiation. In some instances, doctors recommend “watchful waiting.”

Overview & Facts

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in American men. Genetics and age play a role in its development. But what other risks are involved?

What Is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men, and in most men it grows very slowly. Get an overview of the disease.

Slideshow: A Visual Guide to Prostate Cancer

WebMD’s slideshow covers prostate cancer: who’s at risk, symptoms, tests, staging, treatments, survival, and foods that may help lower your risk for prostate cancer.

Causes

Diet and genetics may be factors in prostate cancer development, but they are not the only ones. Find out what the research shows.

Are You at Risk?

Age, race, diet, family history — even a sedentary lifestyle — may all play a part in contributing to your prostate cancer risks. Learn how.

Getting screened for prostate cancer: Should you or shouldn’t you? Most screening tests have risks. Get informed; learn the risks so that you can make the right choice.

Symptoms & Types

Do you know the symptoms of prostate cancer? Learn about prostate cancer symptoms, the significance of an enlarged prostate, and more.

Symptoms

Are there early warning signs of prostate cancer? Find out — and review a brief list of symptoms to watch for.

Warning Signs

Unfortunately, prostate cancer has no early warning signals. However, many men have symptoms that do point to problems with the prostate gland. Learn what to watch for and when it’s time to call your doctor.

Prostate cancer markers can help predict and monitor the disease with accuracy. Some help determine how aggressive the prostate cancer is. Learn about these markers.

Types

Staging prostate cancer occurs after diagnosis, when tests are done to discover the size and location of the cancer. Find out more about staging

Grading refers to a cancer’s appearance and indicates how quickly it’s growing. Grading takes place after a biopsy (removal and examination of tissue), using the Gleason score. Learn more about the Gleason score and cancer grading here.

Complications

Prostate cancer doesn’t cause erectile dysfunction, also called impotence. Find out why it can be a complication after treatment, and what you can do.

Prostate cancer treatments can sometimes cause urinary incontinence, but there are new techniques that can reduce your chances of this side effect. Find out more.

Impotence, incontinence, pain: Learn how to handle — and gain control of — some of the most common side effects of advanced prostate cancer and its treatment.

Fatigue isn’t the same as tiredness. Learn the differences, what causes cancer-related fatigue, and how you can combat the problem.

Diagnosis & Tests

Several tests are used to diagnose prostate cancer. Learn about these tests, what you can do after diagnosis, about the Gleason score, and more.

Diagnosis

Two initial tests are commonly used to look for prostate cancer in the absence of symptoms. Learn what those tests are and how well they work.

Tests

A digital rectal exam is an early, simple test to screen for prostate cancer. It can catch the disease early, when it’s most treatable. Learn who should get one and what to expect.

When the results of this blood test are high, it may indicate cancer. Find out how the test is done and what the results can mean.

After an abnormal digital rectal exam or a high PSA your doctor may suggest a closer look. Find out what to expect from a prostate cancer biopsy or ultrasound and how to prepare for them.

Cystoscopy, also called a cystourethroscopy or a bladder scope, measures the health of the urethra and bladder. Used to diagnose disease or pain, find out how this test works and what to expect.

A CAT scan uses X-rays to produce a cross-section image of the body, so a doctor can check for swollen or enlarged lymph nodes. When is a CAT scan necessary? Find out.

MRIs use a large magnet, radio waves, and a computer to examine the prostate and nearby lymph nodes, distinguishing between noncancerous and cancerous areas. Find out more.

Treatment & Care

Treatment

Treatment for prostate cancer may include everything from “watchful waiting” to removal of the entire prostate gland. Get a brief overview of your treatment options here.

Many men are living with old preconceptions about prostate cancer treatment and its effects on their lives. Separate the myths from the facts with this simple quiz.

One of the most important factors in deciding how to treat prostate cancer is staging. The size, location, and whether your cancer has spread will help your medical team plan the right treatment. Learn more here.

Find more information here.

Learn about the types that are available.

Learn about the different types of prostate cancer treatments.

Hormone treatment means removing, blocking, or adding hormones to fight prostate cancer. Learn more about prostate cancer and hormones here.

Robert Samitz was diagnosed with advanced prostate cancer ten years ago. Today innovative treatments like the new combinations of chemotherapy drugs for prostate cancer are helping Samitz beat the odds. Find out more.

The use of any one or combination of cancer-killing drugs, chemotherapy is prescribed in cases of recurrent or advanced prostate cancer that has not responded to hormone treatment. Find out more, including how it’s given and the side effects possible.

Cryotherapy involves freezing areas of the prostate. However its long-term effectiveness is unknown. Learn when this therapy is used, and what its advantages are.

Chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and surgery are treatments for advanced prostate cancer. Learn more about them, and learn about emerging therapies such as vaccines.

If you’re thinking about alternative therapy for prostate cancer, get the facts — from types of therapy available to talking with your doctor about your choices.

A lycopene-rich diet appears to lower the risk of prostate cancer. Get a brief overview of the evidence from the American Cancer Society. This link will take you to its web site.

What’s on the horizon for prostate cancer research? Learn why studying genes may lead to a cure for prostate cancer.

Roy Banks is finding that a once-a-year hormone therapy treatment for his prostate cancer is working to keep the cancer in remission. Discover if this therapy is right for you.

Care

A simple list of things you can do after prostate cancer treatment to help speed your recovery. Find out more.

Living & Managing

Living and Coping

Learn what you need to know about prostate cancer: Ask your doctor these 10 questions about prostate cancer.

Learn what you need to know about advanced prostate cancer: Ask your doctor these 10 questions about advanced prostate cancer.

Taking action early helps you understand and deal with the many effects of your prostate cancer. Here are tips to get you started.

Learn more here.

Why would prostate cancer come back after treatment? How is a reoccurrence detected? Get the answers to these questions and more.

Communication, involvement, and support are important ways you can be there for a loved one with prostate cancer. Here are a few more tips that can help you be helpful.

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